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Part 1: The Connection Between Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA

They may mistakenly think that those who use drugs lack moral principles or willpower and that they could stop their drug use simply by choosing to. In reality, drug addiction is a complex disease, and quitting usually takes more than good intentions or a strong will. Drugs change the brain in ways that make quitting hard, even for those who …

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What Are the Symptoms of Alcohol Use Disorder AUD? NIAAA

The newer types of these medications work by offsetting changes in the brain caused by AUD. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a medical condition that doctors diagnose when a patient’s drinking causes distress or harm. The condition can range from mild to severe and is diagnosed when a patient answers “yes” to two or more of the following questions. Research shows …

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Synthetic Cathinones “Bath Salts” National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA

Synthetic cathinones are similar to certain substances found in the khat plant. Khat is used in East Africa and southern Arabia for its stimulant properties. These compounds smell bad and have the potential to cause serious burns. Amines are not the nicest of substances (that’s why we are generally repulsed by the smell of amines—they have a strong fishy odor,) …

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Cognitive Dissonance: Theory, Examples & How to Reduce It

Strong (1968) argued that when a therapist provides opinions that are discrepant from the client’s, the client experiences dissonance. The client may reduce this dissonance by derogating and discrediting the therapist. When the therapist is perceived as an expert, this reduces the client’s ability to discredit the advice given and enhances the likelihood of attitude change in direction of the …

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